Creative Research Enterprises (CRE) is an effective and appropriate response to the national challenge that many basic research scientists are currently facing due to the present great dearth of funding support for basic research, and the consequent ever increasing "down sizing" at big institutions of all kinds engaged in this type of research. It responds to this crisis by proposing that most theoretical studies and modeling be conducted as truly small businesses in a "cottage industry" setting by dedicated scientists. This cuts overhead (indirect) costs significantly and allows the scarce research dollar to go a lot further. This is CRE advantage to its sponsors. Significantly lower overhead cost at institutions like CRE is possible because they would focus solely on theoretical and modeling research, and their indirect cost would be driven by the cost of only these types of research. The CRE type of low overhead cost is not possible with big institutions specializing in laboratory work and/or manufacturing. in such institutions the expenses of maintaining many other specialized facilities (e.g., for laboratory experiments and space qualified projects) needlessly burden theoretical and modeling research.


CRE specializes in the studies of: (i) the photochemistry and transport of trace species in the coupled-biosphere-atmosphere system on the Earth and (ii) other planetary atmosphere, (iii) solar-terrestrial effects on the coupled ionosphere-thermosphere-mesosphere system, and (iv) molecular diagnostics of the early stages of star formation and the effects of star formation on the placental interstellar clouds.

CRE's mission is to advance fundamental research related to the above mentioned  areas of  studies. Building upon the above mentioned capabilities, CRE also aspires, and will welcome opportunities, for contributing to prediction and detection of  the effects of normal peaceful and abnormal violent human activities (e.g., effects on the UV-shield provided by ozone, climate change, nuclear winter), and (ii) phenomenological and modeling studies of the physical processes and the atmospheric chemistry relevant to the determinations of optical signatures of strategic and tactical targets.


CRE has all those facilities that are needed to meets its contract and grant obligations. It has all modern communication facilities, including full access to internet via extremely fast cable modem (downloads and uploads at respectively ~ 1 and ~ 0.384 Mbps) and a Web site. It has dedicated telephone lines and fax machines. It has arrangements with the nearby University of California in Berkeley for the use of its libraries.  CRE has 2 powerful workstation and 2 PCs which are networked and share peripherals like fast laser printer, scanner etceteras. One of two the two workstation is a very fast dual Opteron (2.4 GHz), installed in Tyan Thunder K8W Pro Mother board with 4 GB PC 2700 DDR33 SDRAM, 160 GB HD, and running 64 bit SuSE Linux 9.3. It has ample hard external hard disk space (140 GB), removable flash card storage and CD and DVD recording capabilities as well. The other workstation has dual 800 MHz Pentium III processor and dual boot (Window 2000 & Red hat Linux version 9). It is equipped with 48 GB hard disk (18 GB SCSI at 7200 RPM and an equally fast 30 GB EIDE), Iomega Jazz drive, rewritable HP CD/DVD etceteras. These are used for intensive computation as well as for pre-processing and post processing of the larger scale modeling that CRE does on the San Diego Supercomputer Center. A laptop PC (400 MHz Pentium II, 128 MB RAM, 14 GB HDD, 24X CD-ROM and external Zip drive and CD Writer) is used for journal paper productions and administrative accounting. The second desktop PC (400 MHz Pentium, 32 MB RAM, 24X CD-ROM, 2X2 GB HDD running Window 2000)  is used mostly as a backup. CRE meets its major computing needs in a variety of ways, such as use of national supercomputer facility at  San Diego.


At the present time CRE is the effort of one determined scientist and is run as a sole proprietorship. However, because the benefits of CRE type institutions are being recognized by more and more scientists and funding agencies, CRE hopes to become a chapter "S" corporation.

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